The first few lectures of this course presents an overview of biomaterials, including the properties of natural biomaterials such as skin, bone, hair etc. Metallic biomaterials, including stainless steel and titanium are discussed. This is followed by a few lectures on Co-based alloys, shape memory alloys and others. An insight into the types of polymers and their potential applications as biomaterials is presented, including polymer devices. Using a case study (such as polyurethane) developmental stages during the design and synthesis of a biomedical polymer is elucidated.
Methods of analysing biomedical polymeric materials from the laboratory to in-vitro testing are described. Examples of how degradation of polymeric materials can be harmful to their surroundings and methods which have been developed to overcome such issues are discussed; latest developments in bacterial polymers are illustrated. this part of the course requires students to prepare a short literature review based essay on a relevant aspect designated during the lectures. Bioceramics and bioglass are discussed in detail, including a case study on hydroxyapatite.
A few lectures cover the development of composites for biomedical applications.
- Biomaterials: The intersection of biology and materials science/J.S. Temenoff, A.G. Mikos, 2008.
- Biomaterials: An introduction/Joon Park, R.S. Lakes. – 3rd ed., 2007.
Journal articles cited during lectures from:
- Biomaterials, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. in Medicine, J. Biomedical Research etc.
- J. Royal Society, Interface Materials Science and Engineering C: Materials for biological Application