The first few lectures of this module present an overview of biomaterials, including the properties of natural biomaterials such as skin, bone, hair etc. Metallic biomaterials, including stainless steel and titanium are discussed. This is followed by a few lectures on other metallic alloys such as Co-Cr-Mo. The use of metals in orthopaedic prostheses for the knee, shoulder and hip as well as in fracture fixation devices are critically reviewed. An insight into the types of polymers and their potential applications as biomaterials is presented, including polymer devices. Using a case study (such as shape memory polymers) developmental stages during the design and synthesis of a biomedical polymer are elucidated.
Methods of analysing biomedical polymeric materials from the laboratory to in-vitro testing are described. Examples of how degradation of polymeric materials can be useful or harmful to their surroundings and methods which have been developed to overcome such issues are discussed. Bioceramics are discussed in detail, including a case study on hydroxyapatite. A few lectures cover the development of composites for biomedical applications.
The module covers details of biomaterials processing, forming and relating manufacturing, this part will be supplemented by an industrial visit and the module is boosted by supplementary lectures from the Professor of Engineering and Surgery in the UCL Department of Mechanical Engineering.
Method of Instruction
This module is taught through:
This module is assessed entirely through an unseen written examination.
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